Home Page > Muzeum Wsi Opolskiej > YourWay Plus Beacon: Peasant cottage from Kamieniec

Peasant cottage from Kamieniec, 1745, rebuilt 1797

According to the oral information of the former owner, this peasant hut was constructed in 1745 by Antoni Niesiony who sold it in 1798 to Jakub Kott. The latter probably rebuilt the hut while renovating it and then the date 1798 was cut on the beam supporting the joists in the main chamber. Perhaps, at the beginning the building was slightly longer. A hall, as a rule, used to divide this kind of buildings into two parts, and here the hall is to the side at the gable end. The hut was equipped with objects typical of a moderately wealthy farm of 1850s.

In the hall, behind the stairs running to the attic, there is a stone quern in which flour was ground for the family. The quern was placed on a straight wooden rack, the stones were fixed in a properly hollowed wooden base with an opening through which ground flour poured. In the hall, there are numerous objects connected with linen and wool processing, as well as farm equipment: a simple chaff-cutter to cut straw, a wooden feeding-trough, a foot mill for grinding grain for groats.

In the chamber, next to the stove there is a massive bench supported on legs made of ornamentally profiled boards. Free spaces between the bench legs were used for placing watering pots and wooden buckets, and sometimes as a pen for poultry or rabbits.

In the chamber, there was usually one bed which was placed in the corner at the wall opposite the stove – by placing the bed at the wall, it was protected from cold and draughts, especially in poorly heated chambers. The bedcloths are made of white linen, ornamented with blue block pattern carried out in the print technique with the use of wooden stamp-blocks. In order to get more sleeping space, the so called szlabanek was used, that is a bench with a back rest and a chest as a base. During the day, a folded bench was used as a place to sit, and at night, the chest lined with straw was used as an additional sleeping place.

The lard behind the chamber was used as the so called izba wycużna (residential chamber), that is a room for old hosts who handed their farm to their children. By signing the property to their children, they secured a place for themselves in their house (e.g. in lards or other separated parts of the house), or even in a separate house which was most frequently located within the farm. They also had an opportunity to breed animals in some of the farm rooms, as well as cultivate the garden for their own needs.

Message in Polish

Message in English

Message in German