Home Page > Muzeum Wsi Opolskiej > YourWay Plus Beacon: Peasant cottage from Antoniów

Peasant cottage from Antoniów, turn of 18th/19th century

It was formerly known in the village as the 'home of Jaguś' from the name of its owners. It was constructed at the beginning of 19th century. In 1840, it was partially burnt the information of which was engraved on the beam 'Burnt 1840' (German: 'Gebrand'). The interior is divided into a hall with a chimney taking the entire width, two spacious chambers and three lards. There is a gable roof, previously it was thatched but at present it is covered with shingle. The gables are ornamentally boarded with the herring-bone pattern. The entrance to the attic is from the gable side.

The Museum is the third location for this building. In 1939, the entire hut was moved about 150 metres as it was on the area which was planned to be flooded in order to make the Turawa lake. The site manager purchased it from the Jaguś family at that time. After the chimney and the stove were pulled down, the hut was rolled on round beams placed under the building. There is photographic documentation of this event in the archives of the Museum.

The peasant hut from Antoniów was equipped with objects typical of a wealthy family of a village miller from the end of 19th century. The division of the hut into two parts of diversified character is clearly visible. There is the so called black chamber with a traditional arrangement of appliances characteristic of Silesian village from the beginning of 20th century, as well as the so called white chamber furnished in accordance with the town fashion.

In the black chamber, a table and stools, in accordance with the tradition, were arranged in the corner of the chamber, a bed covered with a bedspread in the opposite corner and the cupboard next to the hall entrance. There is also a sewing machine in the chamber as sewing and repairing clothes were skills common among village women. Religious paintings and a cuckoo clock are elements of decoration in the black chamber.

A prestigious position of the miller was emphasized by the décor of the white chamber. The furniture comes from urban carpenter's shops or workshops following their patterns.

The arrangement of appliances is different as well. First of all, a table and chairs are moved to the middle of the chamber. The chamber was decorated with cult paintings brought from pilgrimage sites or bought at markets, crocheted net curtains and curtains bordering door-frames. Attention should also be paid to a plait of hair in the shape of a fir branch put in the frame behind the glass, which was made to mark the marriage of the hostess.

Message in Polish

Message in English

Message in German